18 Most Fascinating Dark-Eyed Junco Facts

Dark-Eyed Junco Facts

The Dark-eyed junco These Belongs to The grayish New World sparrows and Their Main Specie is a junco. Their Scientific Name is Junco hyemalis. This Specie Maybe Related to any Other Sparrow as Well as Their Population is Constantly Increasing in The World and This Bird is Very Common Bird in North America and Maybe in The Different Seasons, They Can be Found at The Different Places. Overall When You See This Bird From The Very Long Distance Maybe They Look So Much Beautiful and also Most of The People Loves Their Beauty and There are Many Further amazing Dark-Eyed Junco Facts Which We Will Discuss in This Article.

18 Most Fascinating Dark-Eyed Junco Facts

1) Dark-Eyed Junco Subspecies

This is The Specie of The Junco and Further This Specie Have Many Subspecies also. There are More Than 6 Subspecies of This Specie is Living on The Earth and all of These Subspecies are Living in The Different Parts of North America. In These Groups and Subspecies, Their Names are Slate-colored, White-winged, gray-headed, Oregon, pink-sided and Red-backed. Whenever These Species Appear in The Different Parts of North America They are Recognized according to The Place and also The Colors Formats in all Birds. Some appear in The Winter and Some May Migrate to any Other Place in The Summer and From America to Mexico, These Species Can Easily be Seen.

2) In Their Natural Habitat They are an Endangered

Probably These Species Population Might be Increasing on The World But Their Natural Habitat Which is in Mexico is and Which Named as Guadalupe Island and Now In This Island Which is also Used To Call Their Name Sometimes Guadalupe junco and Here They are Endangered and Probably a Few Birds Now Living in This Island. After The Research Has been Performed The Conclusion is That They are No More Than 100 in The Population in This Island Now at That Time.

3) Dark-Eyed Junco Likes To Live in The Ground

These Birds Can Fly and also Got an amazing Wings Which Helps Them To Fly Easily in The Air But These Birds Likes To Live in The Ground Most of Their Time. Obviously, These Birds Prefer to Live in The Forest or in any Woodland areas and Mostly The Ground or The Floor of The Forest is Their Main Place Where They Prefer To Live and That’s Why The Characteristics That These Birds Had Gain Found in The Less Birds Especially in America and They Spent Their Most of The Life in The Ground and According to Their Time More Than The 60-70% Time They Spent on The Ground.

4) Their Unique Nickname and They Can Visit Your Backyard

These Birds Can Visit Your Backyard and It is Seen Many Times and These Birds Looks Like That They Have a Snow on Their Feathers always and also There is Much Reason For This Many Person Gave Them a Nickname Which is snowbirds and Obviously When Fly in The Winter Then They Come Up in Your Backyard With Their Look and Might be Soon The Snow Will Starts on Your Area as Behind Your Areas already The Snow Had Comes Up and Obviously These Snowbirds Can Come into The Birds Feeding Centers also and There Might be Everything They Like to Eat Especially Their Favorite also.

5) Their Sounds & Speed

These Birds Can Sing Well and also Have Many Calls Which They Used To Call Their Friends in Their Community and Obviously These Birds also Lived a Social Life. Their Sounds Can Be Heard From The Way Long to Them and Simply Their Sounds is a Musical Trill and It Can Last Only in The 2 Seconds and This Music Consist of 7-23 notes. Their Songs Maybe Related To The Chipping Sparrow and also In Their Family Many Birds Sing Like The Dark-Eyed Junco. In The Conifer Trees Simply These Birds Sleep and also at The Time of The Sleeping If The Many Flocks Had Joined Them Then Maybe The Beautiful Song You Can Hear From Them at That Time. Their Sound Looks Like a High and Short Clip also and Maybe Sometimes Their Sound is The Way of Their Intelligence also Because These are Really Showing Their Intelligence With Their Sounds as Well Because Sometimes When They Had To Save The Other Flocks Then Maybe They Produced a Threats Calls Which Can be Heard By any Other Bird and They Can Save Them and These Birds are Highly Sociable also Because They Fly in The Air in The Groups Sometimes Maybe Their Group Close to The 50 Birds.

These Birds Comes Up With The Many Variations and The Subspecies But The Main Variation of Them is “Oregon” Which Can Easily be Seen in Washington and This is also The Most Common Bird in This Specie. Their Flying Speed is 26 mph Which is Really Great Especially When any Threats They See They Leave This Place at That Speed and Sometimes If They Go Up and Down and also Rotate Then Maybe Their Speed Much Less Than This Average Speed.

6) Size and Weight

Especially These Birds Have been Divided into The Many Variations and Maybe Some Have The Size and Weight More Than The Other But The Yes These all Belongs to This Specie Who is Strong as Well as Have an Enough Height To Face The Problem If Comes Up on Them.

Their Size and Weight are.

  • Their Size Can be Ranges From 4.9 – 6.5 in.
  • Their Weight is around 0.67 oz.

These are The Size and Weight of The Most Common Variation of dark-eyed junco But Overall in all The Size Ranges is Same However in Some Maybe The Difference in The Weight Comes Up That Usually Because The Birds Maybe Not Have an Enough Age or Maybe At That Time They are Not an Adult or Mature Birds.

7) Body, Diet & Predators

These Birds Might Have The Regional Difference in Their Body But However, Generally, These Birds Comes Up With The Brown or Dark Gray Color. Their Tail and Bill Brightened These Birds and Particularly When They are Flying in The Air at That Time Maybe Sometimes in The Soon They Look Completely Dark Color on Their Head and White Color on Their Lower Body. Probably Their Body is Made Up of all Those Things Which Their Parent Species Had Make-Up. Sometimes in The Some Areas Maybe Their Body Helps Them to Live Their Complete Life in a Single Habitat.

Their Main diets are Insects and Seeds Which They Primarily Eat But Maybe in The Some Seasons of The Year They Can Eat Some Other Things But Overall Their Main Diet is Seeds of The weeds and Grasses and That is The Food Which They Mainly Like to Eat in The Winter and The Other Insects Which Includes caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers Maybe They Can Eat Them Throughout The Year and also in The Summer and Sometimes Many Small Animals and Small Birds Might be Got Caught by This Bird. These Birds also Likes To Eat The berries and When These Birds Ready to Eat The Seeds at That Time They Were So Much Happy Because in Many Seasons of The Year They Do Not Even Find The Seeds But When They Find It Then They Eat It Until Their Stomach Will be Full.

Overall The Dark-Eyed Junco Have Many Predators and Sometimes Maybe They Got Killed By any of Those Birds also Which You Can’t Even Expect and That’s Why These Birds are Known to be Killed By Many Different Birds and also Those Must be Include Who Sometimes Maybe Attack on Their Nest and Eat The Eggs and Young Birds But These Birds Became Territorial When The Thing Comes on To Their Child. There are So Many Predators of This Bird In Which The sharp-shinned hawks, shrikes, and owls also Included and Sometimes Many Other Kinds of The Hawks Can also Prey Them and Sometimes They Can Save Them From These Predators But Some are From These are The Nocturnal Birds also Which Can Easily Trap This Bird in The Night.

8) Habitat and Population

These Birds are also Known as Migratory Birds But Mainly Throughout The Whole North America, They Can be Found. Although These Birds Lives in Mexico, Canada and as well as in America. Their Birds That Have Been Grown in Canada and in Alaska But as The Winter Comes Up Then They Do a Migration Towards The Southern United States and The Birds of This Specie also Lives in The Mountains Which Simply Shows That They Just Do a Small Migration From This Place and Maybe Some Birds From all The Places Overall Will Not Do Migration. Their Main Habitat Where They Easily Live is The Mixed Woodland and also The Coniferous Where They also Grew Up and also in These Places They always Likes To Make Their House in That Place Where Their Predators Can’t Come and Overall They Will Have Low Threats Here.

These Birds are So Much Common Especially in The North America and Lives in Many European Countries and also Their Population is also Increasing and There is No Danger of Their Extinct. Recently When The Overall Research Was Performed on The Junco Then The Conclusion Comes Up That There are More Than 630 million Birds of This Specie is Living on The Planet Earth. That is also Because These Birds are Living Very Safely in Their Place and also They Make Their Home Their Where They Can see That No Danger Will Come.

9) Incubation, Breeding & Lifespan

The Incubation Was Total Done By The Female and It’s Their Duty to Incubate The Eggs and The Male Duty is To Feed Them at The Time of The Incubation. Their Incubation Period is around 11-13 days and When The New Chicks Comes Up Then Both The Parents Takes Care of Them and also Feed Them Healthy Food. These Birds are also Mate For Life and Live Their all Life Together and Maybe in The Winter When They are Doing The Migration The Pairs Will be Together Finding The Perfect Place For Them To Leave and also Starts Their Breeding Season. Their Breeding Season as Early as Starts in April and at That Time Both Male and Female Became Extremely Territorial and Protect Their Nest From Their Predators and That’s Why For The Most Safety These Birds Usually Makes Their Nest On The Ground Where The Edge of The Opening wooded areas and Might be Sometimes They Build Their Nest on The Top of The Tree also.

Commonly The Dark-Eyed Junco Have Many Natural habitats also Where They Can Live Throughout The Year and If in That’s Place They are Living Maybe Relatively They Will Have The Large Lifespan Than The Normal Migratory Birds of This Specie. Relatively These Birds Lifespan Ranges From 3 to 11 Years in The Wild. Sometimes Maybe They Can Touch More Numbers to This also But Most of The Time All Lives an Average Lifespan Maybe Close to 7 Years.

Dark-Eyed Junco Fun Facts For Kids

  • Their Feathers in The Winter Seems to be More Than 30% Heavier Than The Summer.
  • They Have a Wingspan of 18 to 25 cm.
  • In The Summer These Birds Like to Eat Insects Only and Probably More Than 50% of Their Diet Will be Consist of The Insects.
  • Sometimes Even They Can Raise 3 Broods in a Year.
  • The Young Dark-Eyed Junco Relatively Takes a Low Time Than The Most of The Other Birds to Leave The Nest and Fly in The Year Because These Birds Leaves The Nest Only in 2 Weeks and Sometimes Maybe The Less.
  • The Male Duty is Commonly To Bring a Nest Material For The Female and The Female Can Build The Nest Only in The 1 Week.
  • Their Female Normally Lays The 3 to 6 Gray Eggs.
  • These Birds are Extremely Territorial and They also Defend Their Territory Especially in The Breeding Season.
  • Their Population is Stable and Increasing Day By Day.


The Summary of Dark-Eyed Junco Facts is That These Birds are Extremely Territorial and In The Breeding Season Might be aggressive and In The Winter Might be If You See This Bird Then You Will be amazed to See Their Beauty. These Birds is One of The Most Common Bird in North America and also They are Increasing Day By Day.

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